Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a kidney replacement therapy option for patients with kidney failure that uses blood vessels in the lining of your abdomen – the peritoneum – to naturally filter waste from your blood.
During PD, a cleansing solution called dialysate is infused to your peritoneal (abdominal) cavity through a PD catheter. This dialysate attracts wastes and toxins from blood vessels in the peritoneum, and is then drained back out and discarded.
Where does the treatment happen?
In the comfort of your home.
What is the treatment like?
A peritoneal catheter is placed into the abdomen to deliver the dialysis solution that attracts wastes, toxins, and excess water using blood vessels in the lining of the abdomen – also called the peritoneum – as a natural filter.
Who performs this treatment?
You – or with a care partner’s help if your current health condition limits your ability to perform PD by yourself.
What is the access type for this treatment?
Peritoneal catheter – a flexible hollow tube about the size of a drinking straw that’s surgically placed in the lower abdomen to allow fluid to enter and exit the access site permanently. A small piece of the tubing remains outside the body and can be covered with a dressing when not in use.
What are typical treatment schedules?
There are 2 types of peritoneal dialysis: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). Both types of peritoneal dialysis have the same basic function, but each have their own methods and advantages to consider. Session times vary based on the option you choose.
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD)
What are some of the key considerations?